Grain prices are pulling back from their day in the green yesterday, as profits are being taken off the table.
“Millions saw the apple fall, but Newton was the one who asked why.” – Bernard Baruch (American Financier)
Grain Prices Fall on Profit-Taking
Grain prices are pulling back from their day in the green yesterday, as profits are being taken off the table. Soybean prices were the leader of the complex yesterday, as noted by Garrett in our daily Grain Markets Today recap.
Weather, the speed of crop development, and varying demand scenarios are all moving grain prices right now.
We started a Twitter poll asking if you think the speed of crop development will be detrimental to the final yields. Join the conversation here and have a say.
On the trade front, the U.S. Grains Council (USGC) said that grain in all forms (GIAF) would hit new export records in 2017/18. 
On the flip side, Turkey recently implanted new trade tariffs against the US, claiming this is a direct response to a “deliberate attack” by the US on the Turkish economy.  In actuality though, the Turkish economy is in the midst of a perfect storm of “worsening financial conditions, shaky investor sentiment, inadequate management of the economy and tariff threats from the U.S.,” as per JP Morgan. 
Turkey’s currency, the Lira, is now down more than 40% against the U.S. Dollar so far in 2018.  The concerns in Turkey have spilled over to India, whose own Rupee is down nearly 10% against the U.S. Dollar in 2018. 
Why does this matter?
Both Turkey and India are major players in the pulse markets. This means that lentil prices and chickpea prices may be pressured. We’ll be digging in more in the coming days for our GrainCents peas, lentils, and chickpeas readers.
Dry Australia Heating Up Wheat Prices
The USDA didn’t make any changes to its wheat production, export, or stocks estimates in the Land Down Undaa last Friday in the August WASDE report. The agency said that total wheat production in Australia for the 2018/19 crop year would come in at 22 MMT. The agency also said it expects total wheat exports to settle at 16 MMT.
That figure is 1 MMT higher than the export projections issued by the nation’s agricultural ministry. Australia is expected to see increased demand from its feed industry, which fueled a 5% cut by the ministry to 15 MMT in exports.
The Wall Street Journal is reporting that “a region more than twice the size of Texas is in the grip of a drought that’s lasted six years and shows no signs of abating.”  Specifically, the eastern states of New South Wales (NSW) and Queensland are seeing record low rainfall. The situation is especially dire in NSW where the winter harvest will likely be the worst in a decade, while still deteriorating. 
Grain Prices Following Soybean Flows
As we mentioned to our Soybean GrainCents subscribers in the last Weekly Digest, China reported that soybean imports in July topped 8 MMT. This was an 8% decrease from June and 20% lower than the July 2017’s soybean imports by the People’s Republic.
A few factors are at play here: China’s stocks of soybeans and meal are sitting at record highs at its ports. Demand for animal feed remains sluggish. And, of course, the 25% tariffs on U.S. beans are driving up prices of the crop in South America, where demand remains high.
AgResource is reporting that Brazilian 2017/18 soybean export sales are now at 90% of the 74.1 MMT projected by the USDA on Friday. This is about 5.3 MMT above last year’s record pace. Also, based on current ship lineup, it looks like Brazil will ship out about 8.2 MMT of soybeans in August.
Going into the Brazilian 2018/19 soybean planting campaign (which starts in a month from now), farmers there may rethink their rotations. This is because a judge there made a move to ban glyphosate until more scientific studies are completed.  Right now, most analysts are pegging a 4-5% increase in soybean acres for the 2018/19 campaign compared to last year, despite the burndown ban.
Coming back to the demand side, China’s National Grain and Oil Information Centre says that the country will import 92.8 MMT for the marketing year. The USDA left its 2018/19 Chinese import figure unchanged at 95 MMT.
The University of Missouri’s FAPRI program suggests that the White House’s $12 Billion aid package to American farmers impacted by the trade war will likely get somewhere between $0.25 to $1 USD /bushel from the UDSA. 
While not super significant, wouldn’t you take it at these current grain prices?
Similarly, you can find getter grain prices by dealing with a bigger pool of credit-verified buyers on the FarmLead Marketplace. Post your cash or basis offer of your grain on the Marketplace today and start expanding your 2018/19 grain marketing plan.